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"Bologna. A Sustainable Culture". New article for the European Investment Bank

January 2019, 

CSIL experts Gianni Carbonaro and Chiara Pancotti authored an essay for the European Investment Bank titled "BOLOGNA. A Sustainable Culture". The article provides an overview of the development of the Bologna metropolitan region in recent decades, emphasising the role of urban policy and investment within a European, national and regional context. They discuss the changing nature of urban development against the backdrop of four post-war periods, highlighting the links between national and metropolitan development and illustrating, where relevant, how European Investment Bank lending has accompanied the process.

The essay is available in English, Italian, French and German.